A cadaver tomb or transi (or “memento mori tomb”) is a type of gisant (recumbent effigy tomb) featuring an effigy in the macabre form of a decomposing corpse. The topos was particularly characteristic of the later Middle Ages. A depiction of a rotting cadaver in art (as opposed to a skeleton) is called a transi. However, the term ‘cadaver tomb’ can really be applied to other varieties of monuments, e.g. with skeletons or with the deceased completely wrapped in a shroud. A carved stone displays a rotting cadaver, often shrouded and sometimes complete with worms and other flesh-eating wildlife. The dissemination of cadaver imagery in the late-medieval Danse Macabre may also have influenced the iconography of cadaver monuments.
Cadaver tombs were a departure, in monumental architecture, from the usual practice of showing an effigy of the person as they were in life.
The term can also be used for a monument that shows only the cadaver without the live person. The sculpture is intended as a didactic example of how transient earthly glory is, since it depicts what we all finally become. Kathleen Cohen’s study of five French ecclesiastics who commissioned transi tombs determined that common to all of them was a successful worldliness that seemed almost to demand them shocking display of transient mortality.
These cadaver tombs, with their demanding sculptural program, were made only for high-ranking nobles, usually royalty or bishops or abbots, because one had to be rich to afford to have one made, and powerful enough to be allotted space for one in a church. Some tombs for royalty were double tombs, for both a king and queen.
I tried to fix doublade.
Holy shit guys that’s a lot of notes for a grainy morning webcam pic
In loving memory of Somnignon the best fakemon in XY era!
Albert Besnard, The Hanged Man 1873